The Federal Reserve – the US central bank – has opted not to increase its base interest rate but did not rule out further hikes as, it said, the full effect of rises has not been felt.
Ahead of the UK’s own knife-edge interest rate decision on Thursday, the Bank of England could potentially follow suit.
The US central bank had increased rates in an effort to make borrowing money more expensive and bring down inflation by taking money out of the economy and dampening spending.
Inflation in the country stood at 3.7% in the year up to September, above the Fed’s 2% goal and a slight but continued increase from the two-year low of 3% recorded in June.
Despite the rate being significantly lower than the 6.7% of the UK, Fed chair Jerome Powell said there was a “long way to go” in the process of bringing inflation down to the 2% target.
“It’s more likely than not that it will be appropriate for us to raise rates one more time in the two remaining meetings this year,” Mr Powell said, referencing the beliefs of the majority of rate deciders.
In the UK, the Bank of England could keep the base interest rate at 5.25% after 14 consecutive rises, which began in December 2021.
Its latest decision is due at 12pm on Thursday.
A surprise drop in inflation has led analysts to believe the Bank may be in a position to ease its rate rises. A slight majority – 56% – believe the Bank will pause its cycle of raises.
US interest rates stand at 5.25% to 5.5%. Unlike the UK, the US interest rate is a range rather than a single percentage, because the Fed does not set a specific figure.
Instead, the figures are a target rate to guide lenders.
https://news.sky.com/story/no-federal-reserve-interest-rate-hike-in-us-with-signs-bank-of-england-could-follow-12965787 No US Federal Reserve interest rate hike – with signs Bank of England could follow | Business News