Studies confirm that MERS can be transmitted from camels to humans

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Tuesday, May 6, 2014 (HealthDay News)-A new study confirms that camels can cause deadly infections MERS Virus to people.

A virologist at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna, Austria, Middle East respiratory syndrome Virus Studies show that people in the same geographic area as camels are almost genetically identical.

Studies published in the journal Euro surveillance, Also showed it MERS Camel eyes and nose levels are particularly high, and researchers believe that people are most likely to be infected by contact with these sites, especially runny nose.

MERS was first identified in June 2012. Recently, Arabian camels have been identified as a source of respiratory virus. To date, there have been 401 confirmed cases of MERS in 12 countries, but all cases have occurred in 6 countries on the Arabian Peninsula. Over 100 people have died.

Last week, US health officials announced the first case in the country. A medical professional working in Saudi Arabia has been quarantined in a hospital in Indiana after being hospitalized for respiratory symptoms two weeks ago.

MERS are closely related SARS A virus that occurred in China and killed 800 people worldwide in 2002 and 2003.

SARS The coronavirus probably crossed the species barrier only once by infecting humans from bats. It can be inferred that the MERS coronavirus is constantly infecting humans from camels, “co-author of the study, Norbert Nowotny, said in a university news release.

For research, scientists have a nose conjunctiva (From the eyes) 76 camel swabs in Oman. In five camels, they found the MERS coronavirus. In an analysis comparing Qatar and Egyptian MERS coronavirus, Virus It turned out that it differs from region to region.

“This means that there is no specific’camel MERS coronavirus strain’, but that one virus infects both camels and humans,” Nowotny said.

“With this knowledge, you can react especially to the spread of the virus. vaccination The number of camels is currently under discussion. Therefore, the spread of the virus could be stopped. “

Currently not available vaccine Or, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with recommended treatments for the virus Prevention..

–Robert Preidt

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Source: University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, News Release, May 2, 2014

Studies confirm that MERS can be transmitted from camels to humans

Source link Studies confirm that MERS can be transmitted from camels to humans

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