Amy Norton Health Day Reporter
Monday, September 13, 2021 (HealthDay News)
Twenty years later, respondents to the World Trade Center attack in New York City show an increase in certain risks cancer, Two new studies have confirmed.
Researchers found a higher than average rate Prostate cancer Among firefighters, health workers, and other workers who have struggled in the affected areas since September 11, 2001.
And compared to firefighters from other major US cities, those exposed to the 9/11 disaster had a higher risk of both the prostate and thyroid gland. cancer..
Rescue and recovery workers at the World Trade Center are known to have above-average incidence of certain cancers.
But experts say the new research will help clarify the big picture.
For one thing Researchers have found that the increased risk of prostate cancer has begun to appear surprisingly quickly. — More than five years after the responder was exposed to the Twin Towers site and the toxic clouds of dust that surround it.
Charles Hall, a senior researcher who is a professor at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, said:
frequent, cancer Long incubation period — means that it develops years after initial exposure to carcinogens.
Hall said the new findings suggest that “all cancers should not be assumed to have a long incubation period.”
And it can inform the medical follow-up of respondents to other large-scale disasters, such as large-scale wildfires, he said.
“This means that when we are hit by such a disaster, we may want to establish surveillance sooner,” Hall said.
Other studies compared New York City firefighters responding 9/11 with firefighters from other major US cities..Compared to their colleagues, 9/11 firefighters were found to be 13% more at risk of developing any type of type. cancer Next 15 years.
Two specific cancers stood out: New York City firefighters were more than double the risk Thyroid cancer, And 39% higher risk Prostate cancer..They were also usually about 4 years younger when diagnosed cancer, The researchers reported.
Hall also worked on the study. He said the findings support the case where exposure to 9/11 contributes to cancer in some respondents, as well as general occupational exposure to being a firefighter.
Both studies were published in the journal on September 10th. Occupational medicine and environmental medicine..
Federal law passed in 2010 created the World Trade Center Health Program to provide medical care to 9/11 responders and civilian survivors of the attack.Among its advantages cancer screening.
Dr. Jeffrey Culvert, senior medical adviser to the health program, said new discoveries would increase the understanding of responders. cancer risk.
He has a period between exposure and increased risk Prostate cancer It was shorter than expected.
However, there are currently no special screening recommendations for World Trade Center responders or survivors. Calvert, who wrote the editorial published with the study, said these were “identical” to what was advised by the general public.
When it comes to that Prostate cancer screeningMen aged 55-69 are generally advised to consult a doctor as to whether they are suitable for them.
In a new study focused on Prostate cancerThe Hall team examined data on approximately 54,400 men who responded to the World Trade Center’s disaster, including firefighters, police, paramedics, construction workers, volunteers, and janitor.
Overall, 1,120 men were diagnosed with the prostate cancer Until 2006, the risk of responders to this disease was generally no higher than that of men in New York.
But things have changed since 2007, when the risk was 24% higher than normal. And firefighters arriving on the morning of 9/11 appeared to be at greater risk than workers arriving later.
Hall said it suggests the “real effect” of exposure to toxic plumes at the site. Giant clouds are known to contain carcinogens such as dioxins. asbestos, Benzene and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), Hall pointed out.
He advised 9/11 responders to join a health monitoring program if they haven’t done so already. “Even if you are healthy, or especially if you are healthy, there is no reason not to do so,” Hall said.
“We are sticking to that mission,” Calvert said.
“In between [program’s] Success is an effort to ensure excellence and efficiency in providing both physical and physical medical monitoring and treatment. mental health Conditions related to 9/11 exposure “.
For more information
Source: Dr. Charles Hall, Professor, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein Medical College, New York City. Jeffrey Culvert, Maryland, World Trade Center Health Program, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Washington, DC, Senior Medical Advisor. Occupational medicine and environmental medicine, September 10, 2021, online
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9/11 First Responders Face High Cancer Risk 20 Years Later
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