Health Day Reporter
Wednesday, September 18 (HealthDay News)-Young Adults autism Two new studies show that they are less likely to find a job or live on their own than their peers with other types of disabilities.
The study detailed the fate of a national sample of 20s who received special education services in high school.
The first study focused on employment.Researchers only have about half of them autism I have been working since high school, and now I only work about one-third.
To make matters worse autism Spectrum was less likely to receive salary than people of the same age who had other types of disabilities. For example, more than 80% of people with speech disabilities reported doing at least one job, while 62% of people with intellectual disabilities have been employed so far.
And the children autism I found a job, they made less money. on average, autism People with other types of disabilities, including low IQ Learning disabilities, And the problem of speaking and communicating-was paid between $ 11 and $ 12 per hour.
The second study focused on life arrangements.Researchers say that only 17 percent of young adults autism, I have lived alone between the ages of 21 and 25.
By comparison, 66% of children Learning disabilities favorite Dyslexia They lived on their own, as did 62% of emotionally confused people. anxiety, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Bipolar disorder When Eating disorders.. Even people with intellectual disabilities, who have low IQs and are labeled as slow in mental processing, lived with autism about twice as likely as young adults with autism.
“These studies tend to be a kind of depression,” said research author Paul Shattuck, an associate professor at Drexel University’s School of Public Health in Philadelphia. “But I would like to point out that there is success at every level of function in our research.”
Mr. Shatak said, “Our work has a success rate because there is a success story, even among people with autism who have no language ability and poor thinking ability. To raise it. “
According to other studies, enrolling children with autism in social clubs, extracurricular activities, and community services in high school can increase their chances of making friends and finding employment after graduation, according to Shatak. Internships and after-school work are also important.
“The best predictor of getting a job after graduating from high school is getting a job in high school,” he said. “Nothing beats real-life experience.”
Both studies published in the journal on August 30 autismUsing data collected in a 10-year national survey of teens Those who received special education services in high school.
The focus of the study was on a group of 620 children with autism spectrum disorders. They were compared to 450 children with intellectual disabilities, 410 children with learning disabilities, and 380 with emotional disorders. Parents, and preferably young adults themselves, answered questions about their status every two years from 2000 to 2009.
Experts who were not involved in the study praised the study, saying it was consistent with what he saw in his practice.
Alan Hilfer, director of psychology at the Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn, New York, said:
Children with autism are smart and can sometimes work very well, but can have difficulty navigating social situations that require tact and respect, Hilfer said. ..
“They are making relationships with the people around them more difficult,” he said. “They are having a hard time reading clues, and as a result of all that, it’s sometimes a bit tricky to stay at work or provide them with a job that matches their skill set.”
Children with autism need intensive tutoring, coaching, and mentoring to find and maintain a job, Hilfer said.
According to Hilfer, about 50,000 children with autism graduate from high school each year, making this an exacerbating problem that has yet to be addressed.
“I don’t think we have enough programs to provide the support they need,” he said.
Copyright © 2013 Health Day. all rights reserved.
Source: Paul Shattuck, Ph.D. , Associate Professor, Faculty of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia. Dr. Alan Hilfer, Dean of the Department of Psychology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY. August 30, 2013, autism
Young adults with autism are less likely to work and live independently
Source link Young adults with autism are less likely to work and live independently