Vaccine Passport: What you need to know after COVID-19 shots

You may have heard that companies are currently developing vaccine passports, also known as immune passports or vaccine certificates, to verify personal identification. COVID-19 vaccination Status, latest test results, or antibody test results. Therefore, you can immediately scan the QR code with your smartphone to participate in sporting events or concert, Cross the border, fly commercial airlines and enter restaurants and office buildings.

The idea is that this digital code serves as evidence that the vaccinated person poses a limited risk to others and is therefore the key to returning to some form of pre-pandemic life. However, some experts and organizations are concerned not only about privacy, but also about the potential for further inequality in passports in the United States and globally.

“Vaccines are the basic way to end a pandemic,” Stephen Baral, MD, an associate professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, told SELF. As a result, vaccine passports are being accelerated to encourage vaccination and ultimately increase the vaccination rate of the population. It can also be a way to protect essential workers by minimizing the risk of exposure to the general public, he says.

While this may seem like a vague new concept, requesting vaccination proof is not a new approach to public health, says Brenden Parent, assistant professor of medical ethics at NYU Langone Health, JD SELF. Talk to.

For example, the World Health Organization (WHO) International Certificate of Immunization or Prevention (ICVP), commonly referred to as a “yellow card”. This certificate has been used since the 1950s as the official record of vaccines needed by international travelers such as yellow fever and cholera. In the United States, vaccine passports are similar to the state’s obligations for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccines for children attending public schools and annual workplaces. Influenza vaccine..

What does a vaccine passport actually look like?

On a global scale, WHO Smart Vaccination Certificate Working Group It is tasked with establishing a global standard for those certificates. In the United States, the Biden administration has stated that it will not approve national passport apps. CBS News Report, Thereby leaving the task to the private sector, nonprofits, and individual states.

Currently, there are no global or national standards for vaccine passport regulation, so appearance and function may vary slightly depending on your current location. However, in the future, if these regulations exist, they may become more standardized.

For example, New York is already Excelsior Pass, A pilot program using an app developed by IBM. This app provides digital credentials similar to the boarding pass of the airline app. This is required for admission to venues such as Madison Square Garden.

Walmart Affiliated with Vaccine Credentials InitiativeIs a group of technology companies and nonprofits (including Microsoft and Mayo Clinic) working together to build and standardize vaccine credentials. As a result of this partnership, those who obtain the vaccine at Wal-Mart or Sam’s Club pharmacies will be able to easily report their health data to several passport apps, including those from airport security companies. Sunny..

on the other hand, Texas And Florida It has banned local businesses and organizations that receive government funding from requiring the use of vaccine passports.

Why are some experts worried about the inevitable rise in vaccine passports?

Vaccine passports are not a new idea, but they are unique in that they are built into the smartphone architecture. Parents oppose digital passports and support physical qualifications like driver’s licenses because digital options “cause more problems, including data privacy issues,” he says.

Vaccine Passport: What you need to know after COVID-19 shots

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