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Health Day Reporter
Wednesday, July 23, 2014 (HealthDay News)-US military personnel are likely exposed to some form of childhood trauma Larger new surveys suggest than private sector responders.
The findings appear to apply only to military personnel, not women.
The researchers found that this finding was associated with higher adult risk of early childhood exposure to various forms of physical, mental, and / or sexual abuse among civilians. Suggested that it could be a source of concern depression, Substance abuse When suicide Trend.
“At this point, it’s not clear what is driving the higher percentage. [of childhood trauma]Research author John Brosnitch said he is a researcher at the US Department of Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System Health Fairness Research Promotion Center. “This first study is just a signal that there was a difference. [And] Like many early studies like this, it raises more questions than it answers. “
Blosnich and his colleagues will report their findings online in the journal on July 23. JAMA Psychiatry..
To investigate the prevalence of childhood trauma among members of the army, the authors of the study conducted a telephone interview throughout 2010 between approximately 61,000 men and women by the Behavioral Risk Factors Monitoring System. Was analyzed.
A quarter of men and 2% of women had a military background.
I was asked to elaborate on the negative childhood events I experienced before the age of 18. depression, Mental illness or suicide; live with alcohol Or a substance abuser; live with someone who was in jail. I live in a separated or divorced household. Witness parental violence; and / or be subject to physical, oral or sexual abuse.
In all respects, men who voluntarily served in the military after 1973 were likely to have experienced negative childhood experiences.
For example, people with a military background since 1973 were twice as likely to have experienced various forms of child sexual abuse.
In contrast, there was little difference between non-military men and men who had a military career before 1973, when the draft mandated military service. exception: Drug use In their childhood homes, they were, in fact, less common among military personnel before 1973, compared to their non-military peers.
The difference was less obvious among women, whether or not they served around 1973. Exception: Volunteer service women tended to say they were sexually exposed as a child.
The authors of the study suggested that the findings may reflect the military appeal among men looking for ways to get out of difficult situations.
Anyway, Blosnich said it is still unclear whether the greater tendency of childhood trauma among male military personnel will actually lead to long-term problems in the future. In fact, he said, “the link between previously observed adverse childhood experiences and adverse consequences among the general public has not yet been clearly established in military populations.”
“Traditionally, those who serve in the armed forces of our country are healthier than those who do not have equivalent service history,” he added. “”[So] Military education, training, structure and fellowship may help buffer those negative early life experiences. “
Christopher Wilde, an associate professor of policy analysis and management at Cornell University, pointed out some warnings from the findings.
“In terms of whether this somehow means that the army has so-called” damaged items “, even if a quarter of military personnel experience adverse events in their childhood, they bring them home. I think that is important. Still, three out of four means that wasn’t the case. “
“This study does not accurately suggest how traumatic these events were, or how consistently they were experienced, not to minimize experience, but what the numbers are. Did it happen? “
“And as for what can explain this, my feeling is that, as a rough estimate, perhaps three-quarters of the differences are caused by socio-economic background differences, that is, underprivileged families,” he said. Told. “And the choice of military based on socio-economic disadvantages and difficulties is widely known.”
“And you probably do it Parenting The style of emphasizing toughness and resilience and overcoming adversity may explain why childhood is turbulent, but results in children who are more excited and ready for military service. “Wildman continued. .. And we don’t know. But that makes sense. “
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Source: John Blosnich, Ph.D., MPH, Researcher, US Center for Health Disparity Research Promotion, Ministry of Veterans Affairs, Ministry of Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA; Dr. Christopher Wildman, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Associate Professor of Policy Analysis and Management. July 23, 2014, JAMA Psychiatry,online
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