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One-third of COVID survivors show long-distance symptoms even after mild cases

Dennis Thompson Health Day Reporter

Friday, February 19, 2021 (HealthDay News)

Many patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) (# If there is no character limit, add parentheses when it first appears According to new research, it is possible to become a “long-distance carrier” who suffers from symptoms months after eliminating a non-life-threatening infection.

About 33% of COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) (# If there is no character limit, add parentheses when it first appears Patients who do not get sick enough to require hospitalization continue to complain of the following symptoms months later: Malaise, Loss of odor Or taste and “Forgetfulness, ”Discovered by researchers at the University of Washington (UW).

“I was surprised that one-third of people with mild illness were still experiencing symptoms,” said lead researcher Jennifer Rogue. She is a research scientist at the University of Washington School of Medicine. Allergies Seattle infectious disease. “If you are infected with the coronavirus, you are more likely to experience protracted effects.”

Dr. Christine Engrund, an infectious disease specialist who leads COVID long-distance recovery at the Cleveland Clinic, said these results were relatively young and healthy, given that the 177 patients in the Seattle area tracked in the study were relatively young and healthy. Clinics show why everyone needs to protect themselves from coronavirus infections.

Over 90% of patients (mean age: 48 years) had only mild to moderate symptoms COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) (# If there is no character limit, add parentheses when it first appears No hospitalization was required, the study authors said.Few people had health problems that put them at serious risk COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) (# If there is no character limit, add parentheses when it first appears Infectious diseases (for example, only 13% were infected High blood pressure, 5% had Diabetes mellitus And 4.5% were active smoker).

“It’s not just inpatients that we have to focus on,” Englund said. “There are many patients out there who can still have these persistent and truly life-changing symptoms.”

Almost 28 million COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) (# If there is no character limit, add parentheses when it first appears Infectious diseases have been reported in the United States, which could mean that millions of Americans suffer from symptoms that last for months or even years, she said.

“If we make up 30% of people who could impact quality of life in the next 6-9 months, we’re talking about a huge number,” Englund said.

May suffer from long-term symptoms COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) (# If there is no character limit, add parentheses when it first appears Logue’s team found that the infection increased slightly with age.

Approximately 27% of patients between the ages of 18 and 39 reported persistent symptoms, while 30% of patients between the ages of 40 and 64 and 43% of patients over the age of 65 showed findings. It was.

According to Dr. David Hirschwerk, an infectious disease physician at Northwell Health in Manhasset, NY, “The likelihood of this occurring seems to be age-related, and older patients have ongoing health after the initial infection. It is likely to report the impact on. “

The University of Washington study is small, but the numbers reported by Seattle are similar to what medical centers see elsewhere in the United States and around the world, director of outpatient services at Staten Island University Hospital in New York. Said Dr. Thomas Gut. York city.

“It’s worth noting that there are different datasets from the UK, Canada, China and the US right now. We’re all seeing similar patterns emerging,” Gut said. Stated.

The pattern is SARS-The CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 is “a little more annoying than many other viruses” Virus We had to deal with it, “said Dr. Rabindraganesh, a physician at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.

Such long-term symptoms are usually Virus Like Epstein-Barr, West Nile, and Chikungunya fever, all of these are far less infectious than the new coronavirus, Ganesh and Gut said.

“It’s more severe than the most common viral pathogens,” Ganesh said.

Overall, researchers found that nearly 33% of COVID-19 patients who became ill at home and 31% of inpatients reported at least one symptom from an illness that persisted months later.

The most persistent symptom of Seattle patients Malaise (14%) and Loss of odor And taste (14%).

Forgetfulness Or memory loss was reported in about 2% of patients, which Gut and Ganesh say are becoming one of the most notorious long-haul carrier symptoms.

“Brain fog is especially debilitating for people who do a lot of intellectual work and often work at home through computers,” Ganesh said. “They can’t concentrate on the computer for that long, and bright light bothers them and gives them. headache.. They are not as productive as they used to be and are very frustrating to them. “

Researchers say that nearly 31% of patients now have poorer health-related quality of life than they did before they were infected with COVID-19.

It is not yet clear why COVID-19 causes these lasting effects.

Many viruses can produce what is called “post-virus syndrome.” Experts describe the infection as a long-lasting health problem after it has cleaned the body. These are the result of inflammation or other damage that occurs when the immune system fights infection.

However, there is evidence that at least some COVID-19 long-distance symptoms may be directly due to the coronavirus itself, Gut said.

“I think we are more likely to affect the structure of the brain because it directly affects the nerves of our nose. We definitely know that there are changes in us. lung “Because we’re just starting to classify the syndrome, it has a wide range of effects that we’re just starting to understand,” Gut said of COVID-19.

Survey results published online on February 19th JAMA network open..

For more information

Details of Cleveland Clinic Coronavirus long-distance carrier..

Source: Jennifer Logue, BS, Research Scientists, Department Allergies Infectious diseases at the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle. Kristin Englund, MD, Infectious Disease Specialist, Cleveland Clinic, Ohio; Dr. David Hirschwerk, MD, attends Northwell Health Infectious Diseases Doctor in Manhasset, NY. Thomas Gut, DO, Associate Chair, Medicine, and Director, Outpatient Services, Staten Island University Hospital, New York City. Lavindra Ganesh, MBBS, MD, Physician, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. JAMA network open, February 19, 2021, online

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One-third of COVID survivors show long-distance symptoms even after mild cases

Source link One-third of COVID survivors show long-distance symptoms even after mild cases

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