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Obesity is a threat to adults with autism, but it may help

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By Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter

Friday, September 24, 2021 (HealthDay News)

Eating well and exercising regularly can be a challenge for everyone. However, Autism spectrum disorder Or intellectual disability, the task grows exponentially.

Many young men and women autism Intellectual disability obesity, And all subsequent health complications.

Still, a small new pilot study diet When exercise Programs tailored to such individuals and offered in group environments with family support may be suspended. Weight gain Or a notable trigger Weight loss..

This program combines USDA recommendations with “setting goals to eat healthier foods and move forward in physical activity.”

“We also encouraged family members to help prepare meals and shared health information with them to promote their health,” added Nabors. She is a professor of social welfare at the University of Cincinnati (UC).

Nabors cited drugs and unique food preferences (often high-calorie foods) as the two main causes of driving. Weight gain In these groups. “They may also dislike many types of daily activities because they are only interested in certain types of activities,” she added.

Dr. Dan Coolie, autism talk” autism Care network, agreed.

Sensory problems, including hypersensitivity to taste and smell, can lead to limitations dietIt’s not healthy and you may be short on a variety of foods, “said Professor Cooley. Pediatrics At Ohio State University.

And, along with the challenges of coordination and understanding, autism Interest and behavior are limited, “he added. autism Or intellectual challenges may prefer to maintain themselves and, as a result, not challenge simple things exercise like that walk Much less energetic in the neighborhood exercise like that running.. “

Jean-Gericke, associate research director at the center, said it could be confusing to caregivers. autism & Neurodevelopmental disorders.

Due to their food problems, they may have balanced resistance dietPut these young people at risk of weight gain, obesity, He said. “In addition, parents may have a hard time finding a safe place to play outside. runningOr, I’m afraid that my child will elope or elope in public. “

Nabors said in this study, “Young adults, in this case [autism and intellectual disabilities]If you can eat your favorite health food, you are likely to be healthy, exercise In the way they enjoy. “

With that in mind, this study focused on 17 UC students who were provided with programming designed for young adults with autism or intellectual disabilities.

From January 2020 to April 2021, students were offered weekly group classes — face-to-face or online (for COVID lockdown) — provided practical advice on good things. nutrition And regular exercise. The class was led by a team of 10 people, including faculty, undergraduate, graduate, and disability researchers.

USDA, dietary information focused on ideal servings nutrition Recommendations, importance vitamin When mineral, And unhealthy foods to avoid.There was also guidance on reductions stress And improvement sleepy..



question

Autism is a developmental disorder.
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In addition, diet and exercise goals have been drafted for each student. For example, they were advised to increase their fruit intake. To help prepare meals. Drink water instead of soda.And to spend more time walk, Cycling, dancing, or swimming..

Height and weight measurements were taken every 2-3 months, and parents were interviewed about their child’s diet and exercise habits.

result? One student gained weight while two students gained weight obesity The student lost a considerable amount of weight. Among the rest, the body mass index (measured based on height and weight) was stable.

Parents’ ratings were positive, stating that three-quarters of the students themselves had a healthier diet.

Investigators concluded that the program was “promising,” albeit preliminary.

The success of this program is not surprising to Kim Musheno, Vice President of Public Policy for the Autism Association in Rockville, Maryland.

She said that people of all kinds are enrolled in weight loss training programs of all kinds “because they are asking for help.” “They want to be taught how to recognize when and why they are overeating. How to exercise. They want to be taught about healthy foods and healthy lifestyles. ..

“I think expectations for children with autism and intellectual disabilities are low,” Museno added. “I don’t think they can learn, but many can really learn. Like everyone else, they just need support.”

Survey results recently published online Progress in neurodevelopmental disorders.

For more information

More about autism and obesity Autism Speaks..

Source: Laura Nabors, PhD, ABPP, CPH, Professor, Faculty of Human Services, University of Cincinnati. Kim Musheno, Vice President of Public Policy for the Autism Association in Rockville, Maryland. Jean Gehricke, PhD, Associate Research Director and Associate Professor of Autism Speaks’Autism Care Network, and Center for Autism & Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine; Doctor of Medicine, Dan Cooley, Medical Director of Autism Care Network for Autism Speaks, Professor of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, Ohio State University, Development and Behavior Pediatrics, National Pediatric Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. Progress in neurodevelopmental disorders, August 25, 2021, online

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Obesity is a threat to adults with autism, but it may help

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