Obesity can increase migraine odds

By Marijke Vroomen Duning
Health Day Reporter

Wednesday, June 26th (HealthDay News)- obesity People may be at high temporary risk Migraine headache, New research suggests.

Migraine With violent pulsation or throbbing pain According to the American Academy of Neurology, it is in one area of ​​the head.Symptoms include: nausea, vomiting And Sensitivity to light And sound. Migraine Affects more than 10 percent of the population.

Episode Migraine-A More Common Type Migraine -Although it occurs within 14 days a month, chronic migraine headaches occur at least 15 days a month. Infrequent, temporary migraine headaches occur most often.

In a new study of about 3,700 adults, people with a high body mass index (measures of body fat determined using height and weight) have more temporary migraine than those with a low body mass index. The probability of developing it was much higher (BMI). This was especially true for women, whites and people under the age of fifty. BMI from normal weight Overweight I’m obese headache..

Cross-sectional studies do not prove it obesity Causes temporary migraine headaches. However, this study shows that obese people are at increased risk of having more people, even infrequent people, said an associate professor of neurology. headache A study at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore.

The study will be published at International this week headache Parliament in Boston. Data and conclusions should be considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Professor of Neurology headache Previous studies on treatment and research programs at the University of Toledo, Ohio obesity Chronic migraine.

“Researchers were able to show an association between obesity and episodes Migraine It gives more confidence to some of the earlier studies that found similar things. “

But she pointed out that it was not yet known which came first: obesity or migraines. According to Tietjen, there are many possible scenarios. “Maybe the person had a migraine first and then started taking the following medications: Amitriptyline Or Valproic acid“She said. Weight gain.. ”

The possible relationship between obesity and migraine is being discussed. One theory involves inflammatory substances from adipose tissue (fat) that are released into the system, Tietjen said.

Premenopausal women generally have more total adipose tissue than men, and women have more superficial, shallower adipose tissue, Peter Lin said.But later menopause, Adipose tissue is more similar between men and women.

Adipose tissue secretes a variety of inflammatory proteins based on the amount and location of the tissue.This can explain, at least in part, why they get more, as young women and obese people have more adipose tissue. headache..

Meanwhile, Peter Lin also suggested that possible connections may be related to the brain. “Previous imaging data for migraine patients show hypothalamic activation. The hypothalamus is the part of the brain that controls the urge to eat,” she said.Alternatively, people with migraine headaches may be more inclined to the associated behavior. Weight gain, Not very active, etc.

Does losing weight reduce the frequency of migraines?But Weight loss As both Peterlin and Tietjen warned, it is generally recommended for obese people, but it does not always help alleviate migraine headaches.

At least two small studies have evaluated migraine headaches in obese people who have undergone weight loss surgery. Lose weight, Peter Lin said.Although these studies found that some patients were inexperienced headache, The investigation is small and needs further investigation to see if this is consistent.

May be necessary for lifestyle changes Weight loss Cut the frequency of migraines instead Weight loss As such, the expert said. Processed foods, high-calorie foods, alcohol -Everything is possible Trigger migraine -May reduce headaches.

Unfortunately, the opposite can also be true if a dietist introduces a new food that triggers a migraine.Some people can develop migraine headaches at certain consumption sugar For example, a substitute.Severely obese people motion There may be less migraine headaches, Peter Lin said.

“Our data and previous studies headache Fields for identifying safe and appropriate treatment options for obesity [people with] Temporary migraine in all categories, not just qualified people [weight-loss] Surgery. “

In addition to providing lifestyle education to obese patients with temporary migraine headaches, Peterlin also takes into account the possible weight gain or weight loss effects of migraine medications on patients. Proposed to.

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Source: Barbara Lee Peterlin, DO, Associate Professor and Director of Neurology, Headache Studies, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore. Dr. Gretchen Titchen, MD, Professor of Neurology, University of Toledo, Ohio, and Director of Headache Treatment and Research Programs.Presentation, International Headache Society (June 27-30), Boston

Obesity can increase migraine odds

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