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Monday, September 13, 2021 (HealthDay News)
The benefits are particularly significant between blacks and Hispanics, according to researchers at Boston University.
“Our results suggest that in the long run, expanding Medicaid eligibility may improve the health outcomes of major chronic illnesses in the low-income marginal population. Is an important consideration for 12 states that have not yet adopted Medicaid expansion, “says Megan. Cole Brahim, an assistant professor of health law, policy and administration.
Her team Affordable care method Improved capacity for care and service at federal qualified health centers. The center serves one in five Medicaid patients and one in three patients whose income is below the federal poverty line.
The study found that in 26 states that expanded Medicaid by January 2014, federal-qualified health centers reduced uninsured patients by 9 percentage points compared to states that did not expand Medicaid.
For research The research team analyzed data from more than 900 federal-qualified medical centers serving approximately 19 million patients annually.
In the states that expanded Medicaid, the proportion of uninsured patients dropped from about 42% in 2012 to 21% in 2018. Meanwhile, the proportion of uninsured patients in other states dropped from 52% to 42%.
In five years, in the expanded state of Medicaid, High blood pressure Control compared to other states. The improvement was even greater (3 percentage points) between black and Hispanic patients.
There was also an improvement in blood sugar Control — 2 percentage points overall. 4 percentage points among blacks. Researchers reported nearly 3 percentage points among Hispanic patients.
“When a patient has health insurance, the associated health outcomes are unlikely to improve overnight,” Cole Brahim said in a college news release. “It takes time to connect care and care management while patients have access to prescription drugs.”
She also added that it will take time for federal-qualified medical centers to invest new income in improving the quality of care.
However, despite the improvement, researchers pointed out that racial and ethnic disparities continue.
Co-author Timothy Levengood, a PhD student in Health Law, Policy and Administration, said: Skin Color-Based Health Opportunities Whether you can afford to see your doctor regularly and check for these conditions has a significant impact on whether you develop or die of these chronic conditions. increase. It is important to study policy changes related to these systems. To combat these disparities and create a more equitable society for all Americans. “
Survey results published online on September 10th JAMA Health Forum..
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Source: Boston University School of Medicine, News Release, September 10, 2021
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