Health

Most countries have the potential to get rid of cervical cancer by 2100

Thursday, February 21, 2019 (HealthDay News)-Rapid expansion HPV Vaccination and cervix Cancer screening Can be eliminated cancer By the end of this century, new research claims to be a major health problem in many countries.

HPV (((Human papillomavirus) Causes most cases Cervical cancer, And researchers have more than 13 million cases Cervical cancer It can be prevented in the coming decades around the world.

“Despite the magnitude of the problem, our findings suggest that with both high coverage, global exclusion is within reach with the tools already available. HPV Vaccination and cervical screening can be achieved, “says research leader Karen Kanfell. cancer New South Wales Parliament in Sydney, Australia.

The author of this first global modeling study is in wealthy countries such as the United States and Canada. Cervical cancer It is predicted that it will be resolved as a public health problem within 25 to 40 years.

Researchers HPV With vaccination Cervical cancer Screening can be achieved in all countries after 2020, reducing cervical cases by up to 13.4 million. cancer By 2069.

That is, the average annual number of cases worldwide could drop to less than 4 cases per 100,000 women by the end of this century, at the cervical level. cancer The authors of the study added that it is no longer considered a major public health issue.

If high levels of HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening are not achieved globally, population growth and population growth could lead to more than 44 million women being diagnosed with cervical cancer over the next 50 years. .. aging, The survey results showed.

Two-thirds of these cases, and an estimated 15 million deaths from cervical cancer, will occur in low- and middle-income countries, according to a study published on February 19. Lancet Oncology..

In early 2018, the World Health Organization called for coordinated global action to eliminate highly preventable cervical cancer.

“WHO action-promoting phrases offer a great opportunity to increase the level of investment in cervical cancer interventions that have been proven in the world’s poorest countries. Without these interventions, millions of avoidances are possible. It leads to premature death, “Canfell said in journal news. release.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women, with approximately 570,000 new cases diagnosed worldwide in 2018. About 85% of them occurred in developing countries.

HPV vaccination can prevent 84% to 90% of the cervix cancer, And there are proven methods for screening and treating precervical cancer.

However, study authors say that there are significant differences in cervical screening and HPV vaccination rates between countries. In low- and middle-income countries, the overall screening rate in 2008 was as low as 19%, and in high-income areas it was 63%.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Prevention Currently, it is best to prevent before the onset of sexual activity, so we recommend regular HPV vaccination of girls and boys aged 11 and 12 years.

–Robert Preidt

MedicalNews
Copyright © 2019 Health Day. all rights reserved.




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References

Source: Lancet Oncology, News Release, February 19, 2019

Most countries have the potential to get rid of cervical cancer by 2100

Source link Most countries have the potential to get rid of cervical cancer by 2100

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