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Incidence of melanoma increases in some states and decreases in others

Thursday, December 29, 2016 (HealthDay News)-New studies show that melanoma cases and mortality rates are rising or falling, depending on the state in which you may live It has become.

Between 2003 and 2013, researchers found that Americans, especially those living in the Midwest and South, tended to have an increased incidence of both melanoma and skin cancer-related deaths. it was done.

“Northeastern United States, especially New England, is the only US geographic region in most states with reduced mortality and incidence,” said a team led by the Denver Veterans Medical Center and Dr. Robert Delavar of the University of Colorado. Is writing. School of medicine.

A skin cancer expert who reviewed the findings emphasized the need for better sun safety education.

“As a medical community, we want to educate the general public about the importance of tanning behavior, and ideally every year, on a regular skin cancer screening by dermatologists, especially in certain states. There is still work to be done. ” Dr. Doris Day. She is a dermatologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.

In this study, Dellavalle’s team compared 2003 and 2013 regional data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Researchers have found that melanoma mortality is rising in many US states. Mortality increased in 21 of the 48 states in both 2003 and 2013 data, but declined in 23. Prices remained the same in the four states.

For new cases of melanoma, most states have shown an increase in a 10-year study. Survey results show that 38 of the 49 states with 2003 and 2013 data reported an increase in the number of cases, and only 11 states decreased the number of cases.

In part, the differences in rates between states depend on the demographics of the people living in the states, the researchers said.

Public education campaigns such as the New England Melanoma Foundation’s “Practice Safe Skin” initiative could greatly help reduce the incidence of melanoma, the Delaval team said.

According to researchers, the program “funded sunscreen dispensers in public and recreational areas throughout Boston and expanded to include other New England cities.” Efforts like these help educate people and “may curb the continued rise of melanoma,” they added.

Day agreed, stressing that early detection and treatment of melanoma can also reduce mortality.

“Early diagnosis can achieve cure rates as high as 98 percent,” she said. Newer and more powerful “biological” therapies can treat even advanced illnesses, she said.

“The goal is always to do everything to prevent melanoma and to detect and treat melanoma early when it does occur,” Dey said.

The study was published online in the journal on December 28th. Jama Dermatology..

-Randy Dotinga

MedicalNews
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References

Source: Doris Day, MD, Dermatologist, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City. December 28, 2016, Jama Dermatology,online



Incidence of melanoma increases in some states and decreases in others

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