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“In the United States, nonsmoker There is biological evidence of exposure to second-hand smoke. Therefore, in order to improve mental and physical health, people should be aware of these harmful effects. “
“Exposure to second-hand smoke was associated with higher levels of psychological distress and a greater risk of future mental illness,” he said.
The report is available online on June 7th. Archive of general psychiatry..
For this study, Hamer’s team collected data on more than 5,500 nonsmokers and nearly 2,600 smokers.None of these people had a history Mental illness At the beginning of the study, the researchers pointed out. In addition, researchers measured levels of cotinine in saliva. This indicates the level of exposure of an individual to cigarette smoke.
A 6-year follow-up found that 14.5% of individuals suffered from psychological distress.Did not smoke, but at a high level Indirect smokingResearchers found that they were almost 50 percent more likely to suffer from psychological distress than those who were not exposed.
In addition, during the 6-year follow-up period, 41 participants were admitted to a psychiatric hospital due to the following problems: depression, schizophrenia, Delirium or other psychiatric problems.People exposed to Indirect smoking The authors of the study found that they were almost three times more likely to be hospitalized than those who were not exposed to the haze.
Stanton A. Grants, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco and director of the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, commented: “This is an important and well-performed study showing that indirect smoking is even more dangerous. Than I thought before.”
Dr. Norman H. Edelman, a scientific consultant at the American Lung Association, agreed that “this is a very common and potentially important study.”
“People with psychological symptoms tend to smoke or be around people who smoke a lot, but exposure to smoke can exacerbate their symptoms,” Edelman said.
However, another expert has questioned the validity of the findings.Smoke may make you more vulnerable to mental problems, but people mental health Pain may be found more often in a smokey environment.
Dr. Ted Schettler, Science Director of the Science and Environmental Sanitation Network, probably said, “nicotine It is associated with an increased likelihood of psychological problems. “
But “on the other hand, it’s easy to imagine that people in a stressful living environment are also in a more smoke-filled environment. I don’t know if it can be separated,” he added.
Copyright © 2010 HealthDay.. all rights reserved.
Source: Dr. Mark Hamer, Faculty of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London. Dr. Stanton A. Grants, Professor, Medicine, and Director of the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco. Norman H. Edelman, MD, Scientific Consultant, American Lung Association; Doctor of Medicine, Ted Schettler, Science Director of Science and Environmental Health Network. June 7, 2010, Archive of general psychiatry,online
Does Indirect Smoking pose a Mental Health Risk?
Source link Does Indirect Smoking pose a Mental Health Risk?