Health

CDC Approves Booster Shots for Millions of Americans

By Cara Murez and Robin Foster Health Day Reporter

Friday, September 24, 2021

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Prevention Pfizer’s Coronavirus Booster Shot Recommended Thursday vaccination For millions of older, high-risk Americans, we are launching a new chapter in national efforts to protect the vulnerable from severe illness.

First, the expert CDC advisory board COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) Booster shots over 65 years old, Nurse Residents and other Americans at high risk due to their underlying health. These recommendations were made at least six months after the US Food and Drug Administration took the second shot, and only one day after approving boosters for several vulnerable groups.

Hours after the panel made the recommendation, CDC director Dr. Rochelle Walensky approved the panel’s recommendation, but added another important category to the mix. COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) For their profession. This includes teachers, healthcare professionals, and grocery store employees.

What is the reason for Warensky’s decision? The CDC panel recommendations did not exactly match the FDA’s broader approvals.

“The CDC needs to analyze complex and often incomplete data to make specific recommendations for optimizing health,” Warrensky said in a statement released early Friday morning. .. “In a pandemic, we must take actions that are expected to bring maximum benefits, despite uncertainty.

“We meet the needs of the country’s public health most by providing booster doses to the elderly, people in long-term care, people with underlying illness, and adults at high risk of illness from occupational and institutional exposure. I believe we can respond well. COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection).. This is in line with the FDA’s booster approval and will target these groups for booster shots, “Walensky added.

CDC vaccination The advisory board will only consider Pfizer vaccines, and the CDC will “have the same sense of urgency to address the recommendations of Moderna and J & J. vaccination As soon as those data became available, “Walensky said.

The CDC panel voted 13 to 2 to approve a third dose to people aged 50 to 64 years at severe risk. COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) Because of my medical condition New York Times report.

“I’m surprised that Dr. Warensky overturned one of the four. [CDC panel] I think others will do so in today’s vote, “said Dr. Yvonne Maldonado, an infectious disease expert at Stanford University and the American Academy. Pediatrics Contact the panel Times..

However, the CDC panel’s vote on occupational risk boosters was “close,” Maldonado said. The panel voted 9-6 against including the category. Times report.

“this [recommendation] It deals not only with weakened immunity, but also with people at high risk of exposure, “she added.

After a long discussion, the CDC Advisor also decided to allow people between the ages of 18 and 49 with underlying illness to choose boosters based on their own interests and risks. Times report. Certain people with weakened immunity cancer Patients and transplant recipients were already allowed to take booster shots.

In a statement released Wednesday, American Medical Association President Gerald Hermon praised the CDC Panel’s “Thoughtful Deliberation and Recommendations.” Still, the hospitalization rate for unvaccinated people is 10 to 22 times higher than the hospitalization rate for vaccinated people, “our top priority continues to reach unvaccinated people. is needed. COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection), “He added.

Even with Thursday’s approval, there is still no booster option for those who received the shots of Moderna and Johnson & Johnson.

The CDC advisor expressed concern during the deliberations.

“Late this afternoon, how can people over the age of 65 say,’You are at risk of serious illness and death, but now you can only protect yourself in half.’ I don’t know, “said Dr. Sarah, Drexel University, Pennsylvania. Associated Press..

Moderna has applied for approval for a booster that carries half of the dose given in the first two shots. Approval can occur in days or weeks. Times report.

The CDC data presented at the meeting vaccination Still, a slight reduction in the country’s oldest adults provides strong protection for all age groups. However, immunity to mild infections appears to have diminished months after the first vaccination of people. AP report.

Dr. Matthew Daily of Kaiser Permanente, Colorado, said that for most people, if they don’t belong to the recommended group for boosters, “because we think you’re well protected.” increase. AP.. “It’s not about who deserves a booster, but who needs a booster.”

During the meeting on Thursday, CDC advisors discussed whether the booster shot discussion would undermine the need to vaccinate unvaccinated people. AP report. According to the report, only 55% of the total population of the United States is fully vaccinated. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention..

“We can give people boosters, but that’s not the answer to this pandemic,” said Dr. Helen Cape Talbot of Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. AP.. “The hospital is full because people are not vaccinated. We are refusing to care for people who deserve care because they are full of unvaccinated COVID-positive patients.”

For more information

World Health Organization more COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection.

Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Prevention, News Release, September 24, 2021; American Medical Association, News Release, September 23, 2021. The New York Times, The Washington Post; Associated Press

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CDC Approves Booster Shots for Millions of Americans

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