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Autoimmune disorders associated with eating disorders

By Deborah Browser
WebMD Health News

Review by Arefa Cassoobhoy, MD, MPH

September 12, 2014-Several autoimmune disorders are associated and may even be involved in their development. Eating disorders, New research suggests.

In a large survey of more than 2,000 Finns Eating disordersResearchers have found that they are more likely to suffer from autoimmune disorders than healthy people.

With autoimmune disease, the immune system accidentally attacks and destroys healthy cells in the body.

“I was amazed at the strong link found between autoimmune disorders and eating disorders,” said Anu Raevuori, MD, MD, lead author of the Faculty of Public Health at the University of Helsinki, Finland. Tell Medscape Medical News.

The immune system appears to contribute to the problem of onset and persistence of eating disorders, at least in this group of patients, the researchers say.

Also, people with eating disorders were more than twice as likely to suffer from endocrine disorders. Type 1 diabetes, And gastrointestinal disorders, especially Crohn’s disease..

This study was published online on August 22nd. PLoS One.

Details of the study

In about 16 years, researchers surveyed 2,342 people Bulimia Nervosa, anorexia Anorexia nervosa, and Bulimia.. People were being treated with an eating disorder unit in Helsinki.

Each patient was then compared to four healthy, age- and gender-matched individuals. Data on 30 autoimmune disorders from discharge registrations from 1969 to 2010 were also analyzed.

The results showed that 8.9% of people with eating disorders and 5.4% of healthy people were diagnosed with at least one autoimmune disorder by the end of follow-up.

For unknown reasons, autoimmune disorders were more common in men Bulimia More neurotic than women with disabilities.

“We don’t want to downplay the psychological aspects of these disorders, which definitely play an important role,” Raevuori said. Instead, the findings lead to the question of what is psychological and what is biological, and “and how separable they are.”

Details of autoimmune diseases

In previous studies, autoimmune disorders and severe infections were associated with overall mood disorders and schizophrenia In particular.

The immune system is also recognized to play a role in disorders, including: autism Spectrum disorder, ADHD, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, When Post-traumatic stress disorder..

Dr. Raevuori and four other research authors have not reported any relevant financial relationships. The remaining three report potentially competing interests, which are fully documented in the original article.



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References

Source: Medscape: “Autoimmune diseases associated with eating disorders”.

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Autoimmune disorders associated with eating disorders

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