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“2020 was a tinderbox”: Last year, a murder occurred in a U.S.-colored neighborhood | U.S. crime

On On April 26, 2020, 49-year-old Terish Garder was shot dead at his southern home. Los Angeles.. Gardner had four daughters and only 14 youngest, refueling trucks in the city’s hygiene department. Two days later, a few blocks away, Magalial Belt was waiting for the lights to change in the car. Three young men drove beside her and fired multiple shots into colored windows. According to police, a 28-year-old single mother was randomly targeted.

Gardner and Magari were killed in two out of four people in 2020 in a census area of ​​only 0.5 square miles, with more than 95% of the population being black and Hispanic. In 2019, there was one murder in the same area. Despite a state-wide stay-at-home order, Los Angeles recorded 332 killings in 2020. This was a sharp increase, with 95 more lives lost in murder than the previous year. City crime data.. Almost all of the increase in murder occurred in black or Hispanic areas of Los Angeles.

According to an analysis of the Marshall Project, other cities across the country followed a similar pattern last year. Murder cases surged and concentrated in black and Latino areas.

These cities lost the most lives in their black neighborhoods, 406 more than in 2019, and nearly 200 more murders in Hispanic areas than last year. Murders also increased in the white districts of all cities except Dallas.

Since the nationwide homicide rate reached a record high in the 1990s, it has been Overall decrease,Finally Fall in half Although it was almost 30 years ago. It’s too early to say whether the 2020 murders show a turning point in that trend. Violent crimes can fluctuate from year to year, and it can take months or years to know if the increase is temporary. But experts say tensioned social safety nets, heightened tensions, and physical proximity and distrust between police and colored communities played an important role in facilitating last year’s murders. I will. Law enforcement officers and police officers attribute partly to the paralyzed criminal justice system and changing public attitudes towards the police, making their work difficult.

“2020 was a tinderbox,” said Fernando Region, head of the Urban Peace Institute, a violence prevention and social welfare organization in Los Angeles. “Multiple crises have exposed the public health and public security gaps that have existed for generations.”